The Culture of Mongolia has been heavily influenced by the Mongolian nomadic way of life. Other important influences come from Tibet and Tibetan Buddhism, as well as from China. Due to 76 years as a communist brother of the Soviet Union, Russia also has had a strong influence on Mongolia.
Nomads have a musical mindset, and their melodies are an intrinsic part of their lifestyle. Nomads have developed various forms of calling, whistling, whooping, and practicing rituals such as “chuugii,” “khuus” and “toig” to communicate with their herds.
However, the most prestigious forms of nomadic music are “khuumii” or throat singing, and “urtiin duu” or long songs. Khuumii and long songs have special sounds which will touch your inner soul and give you positive energy. Mongolian songs mimic their surroundings, so you can hear the mountains, wind, water, birds, and animals in these spiritual tunes.
Accompanied by melodies played on a horse-headed fiddle, Mongolian long songs make you feel the timeless freedom and the serene composition of harmony between man and nature. It is not a surprise that any concert hall is too small to fully appreciate khuumii and long songs.
-Nomadic by nature
The Tumen Ekh Ensemble is comprised of artists who perform all types of Mongolian songs, instruments, and dances. They play traditional instruments including the morin khuur (horse-head fiddle) and perform Mongolian long songs, epics, eulogy songs, a shamanic ritual dance, an ancient palace dance and a Tsam mask dance.
The Morin Khuur Ensemble of Mongolia is part of the Mongolian State Philharmonic Orchestra located in Chinggis Khan Square. It is a popular ensemble featuring the national string instrument, the Morin Khuur, and performs various domestic and international classical works.
The Ulaanbaatar Opera House, located in the center of the city, hosts concerts and musical performances as well as opera and ballet performances. They closely collaborate with world ballet groups such as the Boston Theatre.
The Mongolian State Grand National Orchestra was founded in 1945. It is the largest orchestra of traditional instruments in the country with a repertoire that extends beyond national music and encompasses many international pieces as well.
The State Academic Drama Theatre is Mongolia’s first contemporary professional performing art establishment, performing more than 400 world and national classical works. The theatre showcases national language, customs and life on its stage, and enriches its offerings with new works every year.
Khusugtun is a group of Mongolian folk musicians with the objective of bringing Traditional Mongolian music to the world. They are inspired by their nomadic ancestry and the historic Mongolian civilization. Their sound consists of traditional instruments and the throat singing of their forefathers. When you hear them play, you can feel the passion and pride they take in their music.
View more: The Khusgtun band
The Altai Band was established on November 11th, 2011 at the Association of Mongolian Traditional Music with the intention of carrying on and promoting ancient nomadic culture and music. The Altai Band often combine their performances with the Western Mongolian region’s Biyelgee dance, the Khuumii, Ikhyel Khuur and the unique Tatlag style of playing the morin khuur. The Altai Band is very special due to their inheritance of 3 to 14 generations of heritage. For example, the Khuumii singer Davaadalai Munkhbat is a 4th generation singer, who has inherited throat singing from his ancestors as well as a 1400-year-old Altai-Yatga bow harp instrument that was entrusted to the Altai Band in 2014.
View more: Altai band
|The Traditional Music of the Morin Khuur||2008|
|Urtiin Duu - Traditional Folk Long Song||2008|
|Traditional epic poem||2009|
|Tsuur end-blown flute||2009|
|The Traditional Naadam festival||2010|
|Falconry, a living human heritage||2012|
|Mongolian throat singing||2010|
|Folk long song performance technique of Limbe (flute) performances - circular breathing||2011|
|Traditional craftsmanship of the Mongol Ger and its associated customs||2013|
|Mongolian knuckle-bone shooting||2014|
|Coaxing ritual for camel||2015|