The Culture of Mongolia has been heavily influenced by the Mongol nomadic way of life. Other important influences are from Tibet and Tibetan Buddhism, and from China. Since the 20th century, Russian and, via Russia, European cultures have had a strong effect on Mongolia
Nomads have a musical mindset and their melodies are an intrinsic part of their lifestyle. Nomads have developed various ways of calling, whistling, whooping, and practicing rituals such as “chuugii,” “khuus” and “toig” to communicate with their herds.
However, the most prestigious forms of nomad music are “khuumii,” throat singing, and “urtiin duu,” long songs. Khuumii and long songs can help you understand the uniqueness of Mongolians as well as their understanding of the world. As they mimic their surroundings, you can hear the mountains, wind and water, the sounds of birds and other animals, the unity of man and nature, and the echoes of inner souls.
Accompanied by melodies played on a horse-headed fiddle, Mongolian long songs make you feel the timeless freedom and the serene composition of harmony between man and nature. It is not a surprise that any concert hall is too small to fully appreciate khuumii and long songs.
-Nomadic by nature
The Tumen Ekh Ensemble comprises artists who perform all types of Mongolian song, music and dance. They play traditional instruments including the morin khuur (horse head fiddle) and perform Mongolian long song, epic and eulogy songs, a ritualistic shaman ritual dance, an ancient palace dance and a Tsam mask dance.
The Morin Khuur Ensemble of Mongolia is part of the Mongolian State Philharmonic located at the Chinggis Khan Square. It is a popular ensemble featuring the national string instrument Morin Khuur and performs various domestic and international works.
The Ulaanbaatar Opera House, situated in the center of the city, hosts concerts and musical performances as well as opera and ballet performances, some of them are in collaboration with world ballet houses such as Boston Theatre.
The Mongolian State Grand National Orchestra was found in 1945. It has the largest orchestra of traditional instruments in the country with a repertoire going beyond national music, encompassing dozens of international musical pieces.
The State Academic Drama Theatre, a first contemporary professional performing art establishment, performs more than 400 world and national classic works, which have become a mirror of the national language, Customs and life on its stage, and enriches its repertoire with new works year by year.
Khusugtun is a group of Mongolian folk musicians with the objective of bringing Traditional Mongolian music to the world. They are inspired by the nomadic ancestry and by the historic civilization. They consist of the traditional instruments of the group and the breath taking throat singing of their forefathers. We hope you can feel the passion and pride in their music as strongly as they do.
View more: The Khusgtun band
The Altai band was established on November 11th 2011 at the Association of Mongolian Traditional Music with the intention to carry on the torch for the promotion and development of ancient nomadic culture and music. Altai band mostly create their performances with the Western Mongolian region’s bii biyelgee dance, khuumii, ikhyel khuur and the unique tatlag technique on the morin khuur. Altai band is very special by their inherited 3 to 14 generations tangible and intangible heritages. For example, the khuumii singer Davaadalai Munkhbat is a 4th generation singer, who has inherited the throat singing from his ancestors and a 1400-year-old bow harp Altai -Yatga instrument was entrusted to Altai band in 2014.
View more: Altai band
|The Traditional Music of the Morin Khuur||2008|
|Urtiin Duu - Traditional Folk Long Song||2008|
|Traditional epic poem||2009|
|Tsuur end-blown flute||2009|
|The Traditional Naadam festival||2010|
|Falconry, a living human heritage||2012|
|Mongolian throat singing||2010|
|Folk long song performance technique of Limbe (flute) performances - circular breathing||2011|
|Traditional craftsmanship of the Mongol Ger and its associated customs||2013|
|Mongolian knuckle-bone shooting||2014|
|Coaxing ritual for camel||2015|